PART II: 40 Signals That A Woman Is Sexually Fertile –
How High Fertility Around Ovulation Affects Nonverbal Behaviour

The Comprehensive List Of Female Sexual Cues To Ovulation

I have compiled a list from primary research showing the various changes a woman undergoes during her peak fertility at around the middle of her menstrual cycle. By-in-large, women are more sexually charged and display patterns showing this. If you’re in a long term relationship with a woman on hormonal contraceptives, you are not going to see the same patterns and behaviours or at least not at the same magnitude.

So here are some of the things you can expect to see when women cycle naturally that can indicate sexual receptivity and “hidden ovulation”:

Appearance Changes During Ovulation (14 Changes)
Women who are in peak fertility:

BodyLanguageProjectCom - Courtship Displays Or Sexual Interest Or Romantic Body Language1. Reported engaging in greater appearance-related product (Saad and Stenstrom, 2009).
2. Do more self-grooming and ornamentation such as jewelry (Martie G et. al., 2007).
3. Preferred clothing that is more revealing and sexy rather than conservative (Durante, Griskevicius, Hill, Perilloux, and Li, 2011) especially when they were attending discotheques away from their partners (Grammer, Renninger, and Fischer, 2004).
4. Have an increased desire to wear revealing clothing (Durante et al., 2008; Grammer, Renninger, and Fischer, 2004).
5. Have a tendency to wear clothing that leads women to be judged as trying to look more attractive (Haselton et al., 2007).
6. Showed more skin (Haselton, Mortezaie, Pillsworth, Bleske, and Frederick 2007).
7. Have a preference for warm rather than cool colors (Kim and Tokura (1998).
8. Are more likely to wear red or pink at peak fertility (Alec T. Beall and Jessica L. Tracy. 2013).
9. Spend more time putting on makeup and makeup artists evaluated their level of use to be higher and of better quality. (Nicolas Guéguen, 2012).
10. Tend to be rated as more attractive even if they had no make-up applied (Puts et al., 2013; Roberts et al., 2004).
11. Dress more fashionably (Haselton et al., 2007).
12. Report a desire to purchase and wear sexier clothing when imagining attending a social gathering at which they might meet men (Durante et al, 2011).
13. Have improved facial skin tone, vocal pitch, body symmetry, and waist-to-hip ratio (Kirchengast and Gartner, 2002; Manning et. al, 1996; Pipitone and Gallup, 2008; Roberts et al., 2004).
14. Have a more attractive face shape, an “ovulating shape” which is rated be men as being more attractive, healthy, sexy, sociable, trustworthy, young, and likeable than luteal faces (Oberzaucher et al, 2012).

Behavioural Changes During Ovulation (11 Changes)
Women who are in peak fertility:

BodyLanguageProjectCom - Childlike Playfulness 11. Have an increase in female sexual function congruence with rising free and total testosterone (Salonia et. al 2008).
2. Seek men out to have sex with them as the result of subconscious desire (Haselton and Gangestad, 2006).
3. Report greater interest in activities associated with finding and attracting new romantic partners, such as attending social gatherings (Haselton and Gangestad, 2006).
4. Report feeling more attractive themselves, have more interest in attending events where they might meet men and experience more mate guarding by their partner (Haselton et. al, 2006).
5. Tend to flirt with men other than their primary partner (Gangestad et al., 2002; Haselton and Gangestad, 2006).
6. Experience increase in libido and sexual interest and attraction towards potential mates (Jones et. al, 2008).
7. Are more likely to provide a phone number to a prospective male (Gueguen, 2009).
8. Report an increase in sexual self-stimulation, overall sexual desire, and number of sexual fantasies (Bullivant et al., 2004; Harvey, 1987; Regan, 1996).
9. Tend to become more interpersonally warm during periods of high fertility (Markey, 2011).
10. Have walking styles that becomes more feminine (Grammer et al., 2003) and fertile women tended to walk more slowly and for longer periods of time in front of men (Guéguen, 2012).

Mate Preferences Changes During Ovulation (13 Changes)
Women who are in peak fertility:

BodyLanguageProjectCom - Coffee Cup Or Drink Barrier 21. Prefer men who are physically attractive (Gangestad et al., 2007).
2. Find men more attractive if they have markers of high health and masculinity (Penton-Voak and Perrett, 2000).
3. Have a preference for men’s traits, including facial masculinity (Johnston et al., 2001; Little et al., 2008; Penton-Voak and Perrett, 2000; Penton-Voak, et al., 1999; Peters, Simmons, and Rhodes, 2009; Scarbrough and Johnston, 2005; Roney and Simmons 2008; Welling et al., 2007)
4. Prefer masculine body shapes i.e. muscularity (Little et al., 2007; Peters et al., 2009).
5. Prefer men who are tall (Pawlowski and Jasienska, 2005).
6. Prefer voices with masculine characteristics (e.g., lower pitch) (Feinberg et al., 2006; Puts, 2005).
7. Prefer the odor of masculine men (Grammer, 1993; Havlicek et al., 2005).
8. Find various nonphysical traits, such as dominant and intrasexually competitive behavior attractive in men (Gangestad et al., 2004; Gangestad et al., 2007; Lukaszewski and Roney, 2009; Havlicek, et al., 2005).
9. Found men who were seen to be confrontational with other men, arrogant, muscular, physically attractive, and socially respected to be attractive (Gangestad et al., 2004).
10. Find men who emit scents associated with body symmetry attractive (Gangestad and Thornhill, 1998).
11. Find men attractive who are social dominant and have social presence (Gangestad and Thornhill, 1998; Havlicek et. al, 2005; Rikowski and Grammer, 1999; Thornhill and Gangestad, 1999; Thornhill et al., 2003),
12. Prefer men who are or appear to be creative and intelligent, though results in this regard are mixed (Haselton and Miller, 2006).
13. Use more derogating of other women’s physical attractiveness and are less likely to share monetary rewards with other women than they are during periods of low fertility (Fisher, 2004).

How Men View Women During Ovulation (2 Known Changes)
Women who are in peak fertility:

1. Are rated as smelling better by men and are accurately discriminated between women’s high- and low-fertility scent samples (Kelly A. Gildersleeve et al., 2012).
2. Tend to be rated by men for certain characteristics of women (e.g., their scent, their voice, their face) as most attractive during periods of peak fertility (Pipitone and Gallup, 2008; Roberts et al., 2004; Thornhill et al., 2003).


Alec T. Beall and Jessica L. Tracy. Women Are More Likely to Wear Red or Pink at Peak Fertility Psychological Science. 2013. 24(9) 1837– 1841

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Durante, K. M., Griskevicius, V., Hill, S. E., Perilloux, C., and Li, N. P. (2011). Ovulation, female competition, and product choice: Hormonal influences on consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Research, 37, 921–934.

Durante, K. M., Li, N. P., and Haselton, M. G. (2008). Changes in women’s choice of dress across the ovulatory cycle: Naturalistic and laboratory task-based evidence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1451–1460.

Feinberg, D. R., Jones, B. C., Law Smith, M. J., Moore, F. R., DeBruine, L., Cornwell, R. E., Hillier, S. G., and Perrett, D. I. (2006). Effects of menstrual cycle and trait estrogen level on masculinity preferences in the human voice. Hormones and Behavior, 46, 215–222.

Fisher, M. (2004). Female intrasexual competition decreases female facial attractiveness. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 271(Suppl 5), S283.

Guéguen N. Gait and menstrual cycle: ovulating women use sexier gaits and walk slowly ahead of men. Gait Posture. 2012; 35(4): 621-4.

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Gangestad, S. W., Garver-Apgar, C. E., Simpson, J. A., and Cousins, A. J. (2007). Changes in women’s mate preferences Across The Ovulatory Cycle. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 92, 151–163.

Gangestad, S. W., and Thornhill, R. (1998). Menstrual cycle variation in women’s preference for the scent of symmetrical men. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 265, 927–933.

Gangestad, S.W., Thornhill, R., Garver, C., 2002. Changes in women’s sexual
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Grammer, K., Renninger, L. A., and Fischer, B. (2004). Disco clothing, female sexual motivation, and relationship status: Is she dressed to impress? Journal of Sex Research, 41, 66–74.

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Haselton, M. G., and Gangestad, S. W. (2006). Conditional expression of women’s desires and men’s mate guarding across the ovulatory cycle. Hormones and Behavior, 49, 509 –518. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh .2005.10.006

Harvey, S. M. (1987). Female sexual behaviour: Fluctuations during the menstrual cycle. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 31, 101–110. doi:10.1016/0022-3999(87)90104-8

Havlicek, J., Roberts, S.C., Flegr, J., 2005. Women’s preference for dominant male odour: effects of menstrual cycle and relationship status. Biol. Lett. 1, 256–259.

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Haselton, M. G., Mortezaie, M., Pillsworth, E. G., Bleske-Rechek, A., and Frederick, D. A. (2007). Ovulatory shifts in human female ornamentation: Near ovulation, women dress to impress. Hormones and Behavior, 51, 40–45.

Johnston, V. S., Hagel, R., Franklin, M., Fink, B., and Grammer, K. (2001). Male facial attractiveness: Evidence for hormone-mediated adaptive design. Evolution and Human Behavior, 22, 251–267

Jones BC, DeBruine LM, Perrett DI, Little AC, Feinberg DR, Law Smith MJ: Effects of menstrual cycle phase on face preferences. Arch Sex Behav 2008, 37(1):78-84.

Kirchengast, S., and Gartner, M. (2002). Changes in fat distribution (WHR) and body weight across the menstrual cycle. Collegium Antropologicum, 26, 47–57.

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Body odor attractiveness as a cue of impending ovulation in women: Evidence from a
study using hormone-confirmed ovulation

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Little, A.C., Jones, B.C., Burriss, R.P., 2007. Preferences for masculinity in male bodies
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Puts, D. A. (2005). Mating context and menstrual phase affect women’s preferences for male voice pitch. Evol Hum Behav, 26, 388–397.

Puts, D. A. (2006). Cyclic variation in women’s preferences for masculine traits: Potential hormonal causes. Human Nature, 17, 114–127.

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Peters, M., Simmons, L. W., and Rhodes, G. (2009). Preferences across the menstrual cycle for masculinity and symmetry in photographs of male faces and bodies. PLoS ONE, 4, e4138.

Penton-Voak, I. S., and Perrett, D. I. (2000). Female preference for male faces changes cyclically—further evidence. Evolution and Human Behavior, 21, 39–48.

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Penton-Voak, I. S., and Perrett, D. I. (2000). Female preference for male faces changes cyclically: Further evidence. Evolution and Human Behavior, 21, 39–48.

Peters, M., Simmons, L. W., and Rhodes, G. (2009). Preferences across the menstrual cycle for masculinity and symmetry in photographs of male faces and bodies. PLoS ONE, 4, e4138.

Roney, J. R. and Simmons, Z. L. (2008). Women’s estradiol predicts preference for facial cues of men’s testosterone. Hormones and Behavior.

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Patrick Markey Charlotte Markey Journal of Research in Personality 45 (2011) 493–499
Changes in women’s interpersonal styles across the menstrual cycle

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